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2448 days ago,
James Madison Princeton 1771, Father of the Constitution,
President of the United States 1809–1817
In 1769, he enrolled at the College of New Jersey, now Princeton UniversityThrough diligence and long hours of study that may have damaged his health, Madison graduated in 1771. His studies there included Latin, Greek, science, geography, mathematics, rhetoric, and philosophy. Great emphasis also was placed on speech and debate. After graduation, Madison remained at Princeton to study Hebrew and political philosophy under university president John Witherspoon before returning to Montpelier in the spring of 1772. AUTHOR of the BILL of RIGHTS: Madison had three main objections to a specific bill of rights:
It was unnecessary, since it purported to protect against powers that the federal government had not been granted;
It was dangerous, since enumeration of some rights might be taken to imply the absence of other rights; and
At the state level, bills of rights had proven to be useless paper barriers against government powers.